ANIMAL MAGIC COMES TO MAIDSTONE AS ‘WE LOVE PETS’ FRANCHISE OPENS!

Award-winning animal care franchise We Love Pets has opened a new branch in Maidstone.

The local franchise has been taken up by Elaine Dunn, aged 52, who will be helping pet owners with dog walking and boarding, cat sitting and even looking after snakes, lizards and bigger animals.

Elaine, who recently moved back to her birth town of Maidstone, decided that the time was right to start a new career with animals after leaving the care profession. She has already taken on one member of staff to help her with dog boarding and is looking forward to growing the venture.

The mum-of-four said: “Working with animals is my dream and comes so naturally. Already, we’ve helped customers with dog boarding and walking. It’s important for me to do something that helps people who perhaps don’t have the time or mobility to do it themselves.

“I’m delighted to be able to work with We Love Pets and to continue their great track record. I’m looking forward to providing an exceptional service to my customers and Maidstone is a great place to do it thanks to its numerous parks and nature reserve meaning there’s lots of variety and somewhere new to walk all the time.

“We Love Pets have given me so much support already; they’ve been doing this for ten years and the business model is proven to work. They made me feel they care about me and my success. Plus, being outdoors in the fresh air is such a bonus in any job I’d say.”

For more information, click onto www.we-love-pets.co.uk/areas-covered/maidstone

Is Apple Cider Vinegar Harmful to Dogs?

Apple cider vinegar is a type of vinegar that is manufactured from the fermentation of apple cider. It involves the breakdown of sugars in food substances using yeast and bacteria. The process starts with the conversion of sugars to alcohol and then the solution is fermented further to vinegar.

Over the years, most people believe that apple cider vinegar is rich with enzymes and nutrients that are fundamentally important to humans. But the question is: are these properties also beneficial to dogs?

Let’s start by saying that apple cider vinegar isn’t harmful to your dog. To give you a better understanding, we are going to discuss the various ways through which apple cider vinegar might actually be an excellent addition to your dog’s cleaning and feeding routines.

Why is Apple Cider Vinegar Beneficial to Dogs?
Research has shown that apple cider vinegar has a couple of nutritional and health benefits to your dog. Below are some of them;

1. Improves the Digestion of Your Dog
The first question that runs through your mind is; can my dog consume apple cider vinegar? Will it harm my dog? Well, ACV might be safe for consumption by the dog but you really need to be careful with the amounts you administer.

The natural ingredients in apple cider vinegar will improve the digestion of your pooch by reducing bloating or gas, but it’s advisable to give her the ACV in controlled amounts. That is because too much of the ACV will lead to stomach upsets and other related health complications.

All in all, ACV is great addition for dogs suffering from diarrhea or constipation. But you should note that a portion of plain apple cider vinegar will be as uncomfortable to dogs as it is to humans. In that case, you should add a few drops of this ingredient to water before giving it to your dog. It’s also best that you look for raw apple cider vinegar than the commercial produced one for better results.

2. Prevents and Cures UTIs
So far, there has not been any evidence showing apple cider vinegar can cure UTIs. Therefore, I wouldn’t recommend this ingredient as a first resort to any urinary infection in dogs. However, some of the dog owners say that using apple cider vinegar on their dogs on a daily basis has prevented urinary tract infections.

When there is too much alkalinity in the urinary tract, it allows the entry and growth of bacteria. Therefore, it’s only logical that the acidity in the apple cider vinegar will balance out the alkalinity hence reducing the UTI infection. However, before settling for the ACV in treating the unrinary tract infections, please contact your vet.

3. Prevents and Cures Ear Infections
Most people use apple cider vinegar to flash out debris out of their dog’s ear. During summer, your dog is likely to get a brown sludge or debris stuck out in her ears especially after a long day in the pool or the sea swimming and diving. However, with apple cider vinegar, you can take care of such an infection easily.

You only need to dip a piece of cloth in a solution of ACV and plenty of water. But before use, you should consult with your vet because if her ears have any open wounds or any bleeding, the use of apple cider vinegar might worsen the state. Also, you should monitor your dog closely after every use. In case you notice that she is excessively scratching her ears, you should stop using the apple cider vinegar immediately.

4. Clears Any Yeast Infections
Malassezia primarily causes yeast infections on the skin or gut of your animal. The immune system of your pooch is always alert and keeps the numbers of this fungus in check. However, the stress in her immune system might at times be too much, and causing the fungus to overgrow.

In that case, you will need an additional treatment in order to reduce the numbers of the fungi. Yeast infection causes irritation of the skin, constant licking on the affected areas, smelly skin, foul-smelling discharge from the ears and head-shaking among other symptoms. All these symptoms will make your pooch really uncomfortable.

Fortunately, apple cider vinegar can get rid of the yeast infections completely after a few uses. But, as I keep on insisting, you should consult with your vet before choosing this type of remedy.

5. Eases Pain in the Joints
Apple cider vinegar is also a good home remedy for joint pains which are majorly caused by arthritis. Arthritis is a disease that is caused by deposition of calcium in the joints especially when your dog is getting older. These calcium deposits may cause stiffness as well as discomfort to your dog.

When your dog ingests apple cider vinegar, it will help her breakdown the calcium deposits hence relieving the pain and discomfort. If you add apple cider vinegar in your dog’s water, remember to measure one teaspoon for every 50 pounds of your dog’s weight.

More to that, always avail plain water next to the water with apple cider vinegar. That is because dogs may drink less water when it is mixed with ACV. The plain water will help prevent dehydration and ease the burning sensation from the ACV.

Precautions and How to Administer Apple Cider Vinegar to Your Dog
As you have figured by now, not all vinegars are good for your dog’s health. Don’t use any clear vinegar from the supermarket since they are considered ‘dead’. That means the vinegar doesn’t contain any enzymes and any other ingredients found in the raw apple cider vinegar. Therefore you might end up doing more harm than good to your dog.
The best vinegar is the raw apple cider vinegar. You can either use it to rinse your dog’s ears in case of an ear infection, spray where she sleeps to get rid of fleas or simply mix it in her drinking water to help with ingestion problems.

You can also mix the apple cider vinegar with honey if you plan on adding it in your dog’s drinking water in the bowl.

That way, she will take the water with much ease and heal any of her joint problems quickly. It is important to consult first with your vet so that you know whether of or not apple cider vinegar is safe for your dog.

Kyra pets

How to Find Best Pet Insurance For your Pet and What Should You Know Before Buying?

When we adopt a pet, we know for the matter of fact that it is going to end with us having to say goodbye, but we still do it. And we do it for a very good reason: They bring happiness and joy and optimism. They attack every moment of every day with that attitude.
We find a friend in them and unconditional love. So, to protect these amazing animals in their times of sickness or injury and to give them the best medical aid, it is imperative to avail Pet Insurance.

Pet insurance

What do pet insurances do?
The first question comes on our mind Is Pet insurance necessary? The Pet insurance schemes cover all veterinary expenses incurred for the treatment of a pet who has suffered an injury or is sick. Some pet insurance plans along with death cover also cover the loss of the pet that is insured. These benefits help pet owners to eliminate the risk of high expenditures on medical treatment of the pet and protect its valuable life by giving the best treatment.

Features and Benefits of a good Pet Insurance:
Customized plans – Pet insurance plans are customizable according to the needs and available for pets such as dogs, cats, rabbits, birds, etc. Know here how to find an insurance company.

Sum Assured – Generally, the sum assured on pet insurance products, varies from £500 to £750. This depends on the factors like the breed of the pet and other related considerations.

Add-On Cover – Some insurance providers like Future Generali insurance offer add-on benefits and covers as well for the base policy, such as loss of show entry fee. This cover is meant to offer for the forfeit of entry fee when the pet cannot make it to the show due to an injury or sickness.

Third Party Liability – Third party liability cover is also offered by some pet insurance policies, in the unlikely event that your pet attacks a third party and causes any damage to third party property.

Types of Cover – There are three major types of pet insurance cover.

Lifetime cover
Time-limited cover
Money-limit cover

What does pet insurance cover?
These policies cover the following
Accidental Death
Illness contracted or injury suffered while the policy is in effect
Full Treatment expenses of the pet.
An accident of the pet insured while in transit via rail, air or road.
Loss or theft of the pet insured
Incapacitation
Accidental poisoning
Any Third Party Liability

Factors considered in Calculations of premiums for Pet insurances:
Age of animal
The breed and type of animals
Health condition of the animal
Exotic animals will have a higher premium rate
The location of your house and the prevailing climatic conditions

A good pet insurance covers pet’s treatment at the vet, covers the vaccinations that need to be given to the pets for protection, the life cover of the pet.
Home is not a home without a pet. So, ensure your happiness with pet insurance.

The Best Toys for Your Beagle

The Best Toys for Your Beagle

Featured Image Source: Pixabay

Every dog is special in his own way and, by extension, his own preferences for toys. You can’t expect the German Shepard, a proud working dog, to willingly enjoy the same toys as a Pomeranian or a Shiba Inu – which are basically the canine versions of cats, but more on that another time. As with every dog breed, in order to find the perfect toys, you may have to apply the old rule of trial and error before choosing the perfect plaything that your pet will not ignore as soon as he is presented with it.

You will certainly relate to this feeling of frustration if you own a Beagle, a hyperactive breed that gets bored as easily as it gets excited. Because they are affected by what experts call ‘’separation anxiety’’, this particular breed needs a great deal of attention and effort, so it is best to ensure that he has a wide assortment of toys to keep him busy. Here is how to find the best toys for your beagle.

Chewing Toys
The Beagle is a breed of small hound which was developed primarily for hunting hare. As a result, out of all the dogs breeds, they have one of the best senses of smell and can get easily distracted by any unfamiliar scents. But even stronger than their smell is their urge to chew, especially as puppies, when they are teething. Because teething can give them a great deal of discomfort, they will tend to latch on the first thing that they see and start chewing.

Apart from making your house chewing proof, the best thing you can do to manage this situation is by providing the young Beagle with specially designed chewing toys. These will not only quell their urge to munch on everything that they encounter but will also help them develop healthy chewing habits once they reach adulthood. For finding out which are the best dog toys for power chewers, you can always check out review websites such as ToyPetReviews.

You should choose a few teething toys with different textures so that the puppy can decide for himself which one he prefers, and durable, to keep him away from destroying your furniture once he rips the toy apart. Make sure to choose toys that are made out of rubber, because the Beagle will find the sensation of rubbing them against his gums and teeth soothing and relaxing.

Toys to Keep the Beagle Distracted
While the beagle is characterized by an even temper and a generally gentle disposition, they have excessive amounts of energy and require lots of attention. Because they were trained and bred to hunt hares and foxes, they are hard-wired to incessantly run around and chase the first thing that captures their attention. Because of this same reason and their single-mindedness, they are very hard to train and control.

Therefore, you should focus on toys that are able to catch the Beagle’s attention and satisfy his hunting instincts. Make sure to choose toys that let out captivating noises (rattles, squeaks, etc.) or special toys that call out phrases. If the toys are shaped in the form of ducks, hares or foxes (animals which Beagles are naturally inclined to chase), all the better. In this way, your Beagle will be properly engaged, and have tons of fun in the process.

Bonding and Stress Management Toys
As we have previously mentioned above, many breeds of dogs suffer from what experts call separation anxiety. Because Beagles are essentially pack dogs who were bred to live in close proximity to their owners and other canines, separation anxiety takes an even greater toll on their psyche. Beagle owners should prioritize creating a spacious, well-lit environment with a diverse soundscape to keep the dogs calm and relaxed.

Since the owners can’t possibly stay with their Beagles for the entire duration of the day, owners should, apart from purchasing another dog to eliminate any feelings of loneliness, get toys that are designed to provide them with a sense of companionship. For example, a good product that will surely make the Beagle happy is the Zippy Paws Squeakie Pup Plush Toy, which is designed to look exactly like a Beagle Puppy. This plush toy has no stuffing inside (so you will not have to worry about cleaning after him) and is equipped with ten big squeakers, which will keep the dog engaged and happy.

Conclusion
Due to their constant presence in pop culture and success of the comic strip Peanuts, the beagle is the most famous dog breed in the world. This particular breed is extremely energetic and friendly towards humans and other animals but can be very hard to manage and control due to their strong hunting instincts.

Therefore, Beagle toys should constitute an extension of their strong temperaments and personalities – safe chewing items to calm their impulses, toys to keep them distracted, and playthings that are specially designed to manage their separation anxiety. Make sure to give these tips a thorough read, and you will surely find toys that your Beagle will enjoy.

Trading Standards ‘Buy with Confidence’ status achieved by Wagging Tails UK Dog Boarding

Wagging Tails

Wagging Tails is the only Dog Boarding Franchise which has achieved this level across all of its branches, offering a clear indicator to dog owners that they can be assured that Wagging Tails delivers on everything it sets out to do.

Operating within a legal framework (all dog carers are licensed and insured). And is without a doubt a leader in its industry.

www.waggingtailsuk.co.uk/news/trading-standards-buy-with-confidence-status

Buy with confidence

Dog poo on beaches

Hundreds of bags of dog poo have been found on the UK’s beaches according to the Marine Conservations Society’s 2016 research; with 792 bags recorded at 364 beaches by volunteers over the Great British Beach Clean weekend in September last year. However these numbers don’t show the full scale of the problem; beach clean volunteers do not record unbagged waste therefore the total amount of dog poo left by some owners on our beautiful beaches remains unknown.

Dog poo on beaches

Many people believe that leaving dog poo on the beach is OK because the tide washes it away, however this natural disposal technique isn’t the best thing for our beautiful beaches and seas. Bacteria present in dog poo is potentially harmful to beach users and can affect water quality.

That’s why organisations and campaigns from across the UK are uniting this week for #binit4beaches; a campaign focused on reducing pollution and litter at the beach and calling for dog owners to help with ongoing improvements.

Millions of people head to the UK’s beaches to relax, paddle and swim every year and we want water quality to be the best it can be. Last year 98.5% of the UK’s bathing waters met the tough minimum standards. By working together, we can continue to help protect and improve water quality. So, if you visit the beach with your dog please do your bit to help by bagging and binning your dog poo, making the beach safe for everyone to enjoy.

Support by visiting this link: https://www.thunderclap.it/projects/63649-confess-who-hangs-dog-mess

Are you Worried about the Two Poo Bag fine?

Brand dooup has the answer…

The dooup walk-ease is now available, and just as the fine for being caught without at least two poo bags may be coming into play near you.
So far, the feedback has been great from those who have purchased but we are also interested in hearing from anyone who may feel it’s not ideal for their dog walk.

dooup

We’ve thoroughly tested the concept for the short and long walk. From the perspective of the leisurely walker, through to the busy working mum, and the active, trendy chaps amongst you.

The important thing about this product is that you won’t even know you’re carrying it. You especially won’t feel conscious of carrying a scoop! The roll of bags inside are conveniently positioned so you can grab one without even needing to open the bag! So, the two poo bag rule will never be a problem for The dooup walk-ease owner!

This comfy and discreet chest/shoulder bag attaches to the lead and is ready to leave the house when you are. Packed with treats, hygiene pouch (including a reminder tag), sanitiser and some with a ball thrower and a torch which is well positioned for those darker nights. This means you are always equipped with what you need. It even allows you to let go of your dog’s lead if you wish to.

dooup

We’ve already made a success of the garden dooup which was voted Best for the Garden by Dogs Today magazine. The majority who have one love how it sanitises and stores a week’s worth of dog waste before auto sealing the bag upon removal. Simple, hygienic and convenient for the home.

Many assumed we’d do something similar for the dog walk but when you consider the needs of the dog walker, it’s far more important to provide benefits such as a hands-free walk, easy, compact scoop and a place to store the waste if you need one. The poo part ends there but the benefits of The dooup walk-ease will mean you’ll never be caught without poo bags.

These fines, perhaps necessary, are rather harsh as we all know there are days we forget things. The dooup walk-ease means that can never happen to you.

We’d love to hear from you – any suggestions about what to add, takeaway, or just general observations on how The dooup walk-ease would or wouldn’t fit into your doggie life, would be much appreciated.

Some have already expressed the need for a longer scoop which we can provide should you wish to try it. However, we have fully tested the current small scoop and found they are not only extremely effective with variations of waste size and consistency, they also fit very nicely and discretely inside the poo pouch, so we would urge you trial it. There may be no need to carry anything bigger.

Dooup

Dog Friendly Pembrokeshire Tourism Awards Winners Announced

Pembrokeshire’s Dog Friendly businesses have been recognised and celebrated in the county’s first Dog Friendly Tourism Awards held on the Slebech Park Estate. The Dog Friendly Awards initiative was created by Pembrokeshire Tourism and Burns Pet Nutrition and are designed to champion responsible pet ownership, whilst recognising the efforts of outstanding local businesses throughout the county who help to make Pembrokeshire a dog friendly destination for visitors. Following the launch of the Awards in January, over 400 entries were received across the six categories giving the judges from the Burns By Your Side Reading Dog Teams plenty to consider!

dog friendly award winners

The award for Best Dog Friendly Beach went to Amroth. With plenty of sand to play on, rock pools to investigate and waste bins easily accessible, the judges felt this was a great place to enjoy some seaside fun.

The judges in the award for Best Dog Friendly Town or Village looked for evidence of the whole town or village being a welcoming venue for four-legged visitors and their owners! In this closely fought category Saundersfoot came out on top over the twin towns of Fishguard & Goodwick and Amroth.

The Best Dog Friendly Day Out award took into consideration factors that enabled everyone to enjoy a great day out in Pembrokeshire’s attractions. With so many great places to visit and explore the judges had their work cut out to pick just one winner, before ultimately deciding on Carew Castle as their top choice.

The Best Dog Friendly Pub, Restaurant or Café category judges were keen to find a warm welcome for all visitors along with provision for those not using cutlery to eat! Having visited all three finalists including the Brewery Inn, Cosheston and the Hope Inn, Pembroke, the winner was named as the Temple Bar in Amroth.

For the Best Dog Friendly Campsite or Caravan Park award judges looked at how venues were able to go the extra mile to make pets welcome and safe whilst on holiday. Coastal Wood Camping was the winning campsite who offer plenty of space for all to enjoy their holiday, and great dog friendly facilities.

For those not so keen on camping, the Best Dog Friendly Holiday Accommodation award looked at hotels, guesthouses and B&B providers throughout Pembrokeshire the judges were keen to find providers who were clearly committed to welcoming dogs to their premises. Cwm Connell Coastal Cottages beat off tough competition from Fron Fawr Holiday Cottages and Coastal Wood Holidays to win in this category.

dog friendly award

John Burns of Burns Pet Nutrition explained how much he and the Burns By Your Side Reading Dogs Team had enjoyed the judging saying, “It’s been great to see first-hand the incredible work that these businesses are doing to make Pembrokeshire a dog friendly destination”. Echoing this, Dennis O’Connor, Tourism Liaison Manager at Pembrokeshire Tourism said, “Pembrokeshire is a very special place for visitors and we are delighted to have been able to recognise the work of dog friendly businesses throughout the county as well as our fantastic towns and beaches. Increasingly visitors are looking for dog friendly destinations to avoid the distress of leaving their pets in kennels, so the wonderful coast and countryside that Pembrokeshire offers is particularly appealing”.

pembrokeshire dog friendly tourism awards

How to Stop Your Dog from Peeing on the Carpet Now

Dogs may be adorable creatures and keeping them indoors can be such a joy. Giving them food through an automatic pet feeder would be convenient too. So, even when you are out, you don’t need to worry that they will get hungry.
While dogs are great security guards for your home, they can be naughty from time to time though, so you need to prepare yourself for when they misbehave. There are times when it’s hard to keep them in control. Sometimes, they will mess up with the pet water fountain or run around your home like crazy in the name of fun.
There are times, however, when their antics become destructive. Some dogs love peeing in the wrong places like your carpet. The last thing you want to end up with is a carpet that is stinking of dog urine.
If your dog thinks that the carpet is the perfect place to pee, you need to do something about it quickly or else you will tolerate this bad habit. What’s the best way to discourage your canine to do answer the call of nature by peeing on the carpet?

Here are 4 things that you can do to address that behavior:

Potty Training
There’s no denying that a dog needs to be reminded that it should be peeing in the right place. One way to make sure that your dog knows this is to start potty training. Teaching your canine about proper behavior is a must if you do not want to end up cleaning the carpet over and over because your pet considers it as his bathroom.
Potty training will help your dog realize that there is a right place to pee. This means that it would be easier to teach your dog about the right place to poop. So, if you have a dog that has not been housebroken yet, this may be a good choice.
Potty training is all about teaching your dog that there is a place to poop. The most effective way to accomplish this is through positive reinforcement and by rewarding your pet. Taking your pet outside to a regular spot to pee or poop is the best choice to do this so that next time, they will know what to do.

Crate training
Another choice for making sure that your carpet will not suffer from more accidents is through crate training. Keeping your pet in a crate and letting them out when they have to go is easier and less dangerous when they are in a crate. Just a word of caution, this is not the magical answer to all dog problems.
Housetraining is best done using crates although there are differences in opinion about that among dog owners. Some people find this to be an inhuman way to treat canines since the animals are placed in captivity. Although you can put a dog in a crate when you are out, it’s not recommended since dogs tend to feel depressed when you leave them alone for long periods of time.
Crate training is a means of making sure that the newest addition to the canines in your family will not destroy your house. However, you should never consider this as an option when you are dealing with puppies that are less than six months old. The maximum number of hours that you can leave your pets in a crate is just four hours, so always keep that fact in mind.

dog peeing on carpet

Clean carpets to remove any trace of pee
Dogs have a good sense of smell. This is one of the reasons why they are such a valuable companion when you are hunting and tracking. This same ability can backfire when you are training your dog to stop peeing on the carpet.
Once your dog already peed on your carpet, they will leave their scent in there. If they get a whiff of that smell and they get the urge to pee, they tend to do the deed in a place that smells just like pee to them. So, if there are still traces of pee smell on the carpet, they will love to pee in there as much as they want.
You also need to keep in mind that just because you can’t smell the pee, it’s not there. Make sure that the carpets are cleaned thoroughly so that your dog will not get the urge to continue peeing on it. Although it’s good to use homemade solutions, always make sure to get the scent totally gone or else your carpet could still be in danger.

Hire professional dog trainers
If you have done everything that you possibly can but your dog is still peeing on your carpet, you might be feeling quite frustrated by now. Don’t worry, there are still choices that are open to you. You can always look to professionals for help. These people are the best choices that you have when it comes to understanding dogs and their behavior.

When things seem to be too hard to handle and your dog just won’t budge, there could be a bigger problem. Professionals can help you in this aspect and they might even assist you in handling your dog and making it obey you. This may be a costly option but it would totally pay off.
Dogs that keep on urinating on the carpet can be a huge source of frustration. If this is one of your struggles, try to look into these suggestions.
Did you ever own a dog that kept on urinating on the carpet? What did you do? Tell us all about it in the comments section and be sure to share this with your friends if you found it useful.

BIO:
My name is Diana Hutchinson. I am the founder of Tinpaw.com.
I have more than 10-years’ experience in nurturing and caring cats & dogs. I love them. Since long ago they had been become important members of my family.

Small Black Country Business Gets Twitter Boost from Theo Paphitis

Small business start-up, BIGPAWS.CO, has received a business boost from Retail Entrepreneur Theo Paphitis.

Tracy Messer, owner of BIGPAWS.CO, tweeted Theo about her business during ‘Small Business Sunday’ and was one of six weekly winners to gain a retweet by Theo to his huge Twitter following.  This weekly initiative, set up by Theo in 2010, now has 1700 #SBS winners and supports small businesses in the UK.

dog bowl

Business and retail entrepreneur and self-confessed Shopkeeper, Theo re‐tweeted Tracy’s message to his 500,000 followers which has resulted in BIGPAWS.CO getting increased followers and orders for her Wall Mounted Dog Bowl Holders, a unique product which fits at any height and stops your dog’s bowl sliding around on the floor.

Tracy said, “I’ve only been trading for 7 months, so as a relatively new start-up it’s great to have support from Theo because it’s tough trying to raise your profile when you’re a small business. Theo has recognised all the hard work and helped spread the word about what the business is about.”

Small business champion and Ryman Stationery, Robert Dyas and Boux Avenue Chairman, Theo Paphitis, said: “We are thrilled to welcome new #SBS members every week and highlight just how important it is to support our small businesses here in the UK.  My vision is that everyone who has ever won an #SBS re-tweet from me becomes part of a friendly club; like-minded individuals who can share successes and learnings. The website and Shop #SBS will also give a valuable profile to the winners chosen and I wish BIGPAWS.CO every success.”

Anyone looking for a re‐tweet from Theo should tweet him about their business on Sunday between 5 PM and 7.30 PM and include the hashtag #SBS. Six lucky businesses are re‐tweeted every Monday at 8 PM and then invited to enter their profile on the new website, attend the annual #SBS networking event and take advantage of the networking opportunities.